Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) and HOME Programs
*CAPER Public Hearing September 19, 2016, 7pm, Council Chambers
Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program is federally funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). This program provides eligible metropolitan cities and urban counties with annual grants to be used for neighborhood revitalization, affordable housing, to expand economic opportunities, and/or improve community facilities and services. All projects and programs must principally benefit low-and moderate-income persons.
The priorities for CDBG are determined by City Council, thus allowing local government to respond to needs within their community. Current priorities for the City of Vancouver’s CDBG Program include: revitalizing eligible neighborhoods, providing services to low-to-moderate persons, and upgrading public facilities to provide Americans with Disability Act (ADA) compliance and providing affordable housing to low/mod citizens. The city also encourages projects and programs assisted by other funding sources to help leverage the CDBG allocation.The City of Vancouver receives approximately 1.3 million annually to disperse among applications. Funds are awarded yearly on a competitive basis to programs or projects that are selected and approved by City Council.
Federal HOME Investment Partnership Program (HOME)
HOME is the largest Federal block grant to State and local governments designed exclusively to create affordable housing for low-income households. Each year it allocates approximately $2 billion among the States and hundreds of localities nationwide.
HOME funds may be applied to a broad range of eligible activities such as providing home purchase or rehabilitation financing assistance to eligible homeowners and new homebuyers; build or rehabilitate housing for rent or ownership; or for "other reasonable and necessary expenses related to the development of non-luxury housing," including site acquisition or improvement, demolition of dilapidated housing to make way for HOME-assisted development, and payment of relocation expenses. HOME funds may be applied to provide tenant-based rental assistance contracts of up to 2 years if such activity is consistent with an approved Consolidated Plan and justified under local market conditions.
HUD defines fair housing choice as “the ability of persons of similar incomes to have available to them the same housing choices regardless of race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status or national origin. Policies, practices or procedures that appear neutral on their face but operate to deny or adversely affect the provisions of housing to persons (in any particular protected class) may constitute such impediments.”
The City of Vancouver developed an Analysis of Impediments to fair housing choice in 2012.
The report includes:
- A review of a City’s laws, regulations, and administrative policies, procedures and practices;
- An assessment of how those laws, policies and practices affect the location availability and accessibility of housing; and
- An assessment of public and private sector conditions affecting fair housing choice.
CDBG Plans and ReportsThe City's 2014-2019 Consolidated Plan provides an analysis of community needs and establishes priority objectives and long-range strategies to guide the allocation of housing and community development resources. The plan was developed through a careful community planning process with the involvement of primary community’s stakeholders and agencies.
CDBG and HOME ProjectsFunds are available for construction, acquisition, economic development, handicapped accessibility, rehabilitation projects, housing construction, and tenant based rental assistance targeted to benefit low and moderate-income areas and families. Non-profit organizations, local governments, and agencies may apply.
Neighborhood Revitalization Strategy AreasCommunities with approved NRSAs are offered enhanced flexibility in undertaking economic development, housing, and public service activities with their CDBG funds. This flexibility is designed to promote innovative programs in economically disadvantaged areas of the community.