FBI National Use Of Force Data Collection Program
In January 2019, the FBI launched the National Use of Force Data Collection Program in an effort to promote conversations regarding use of force incidents and offer a comprehensive nationwide view of the circumstances, subjects, and officers involved in these incidents. The program collects information from incidents involving the discharge of a firearm by a law enforcement officer at or in the direction of a person. It also collects information on incidents involving serious bodily injury to a person or fatality to a person connected to the use of force by a law enforcement officer. Currently, about half of all nationwide police departments are supplying use of force data to the FBI. The Vancouver Police Department is among those agencies reporting use of force data to the program and has been since the program’s inception in January 2019. More information about the FBI’s National Use of Force Data Collection Program can be found online.
What is a Force Incident?
A force incident is any incident where an officer applies force to a subject. A force incident can involve one or more officers and one or more applications of force. The Vancouver Police Department trains officers to use de-escalation tactics, if possible, prior to using reasonable force where the force is necessary to: protect against criminal conduct where there is probable cause to make an arrest, effect an arrest, prevent an escape, or to protect against an imminent threat of bodily injury or death to the peace officer, another person or the person against who force is being used. Graham v. Connor [(1989) 490 U.S. 386, 109S Ct. 1865]) is a part of the decision making process an officer must go through before during and after using force.”
Use of Force Report Terms and Definitions
The application of physical techniques or tactics, chemical agents or weapons to another person. It is not a use of force when a person allows him/herself to be searched, escorted, handcuffed or restrained.
Any incident where an officer applies force to a subject. A force incident may involve one or more officers and/or one or more force applications.
Events dispatched by the CRESA (Clark Regional Emergency Services Agency) dispatch center as calls for service or officer-initiated activities.
Call for Service
Any event initiated by a community member by calling 911 and dispatched by CRESA.
Events or activities initiated by an officer. These can include traffic stops, consent contacts, search warrant services, among other activities.
Force applications are determined to be effective when their application successfully gains a subject’s compliance or physical control.
Any incident in which an officer discharges a firearm at another person. These incidents may include one or more officers, one or more firearm discharges, and/or one or more force applications.
- Officer Involved Shooting Incidents
Firearm discharges are subject to a different investigation and review process given the potentially fatal nature of the force application. Officer involved shooting incidents are investigated by an Independent Investigative Team (IIT), led by an uninvolved agency. Upon completion of its investigation, the IIT forwards the investigation to the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office for review. Upon completion of the IIT investigation, Vancouver Police Department conducts an internal administrative investigation to determine if the actions taken by the officer(s) were within policy.
2022 Q3 Use of Force Overview
- The total number of use of force incidents and dispatched events in the period is provided.
- The Force Incidents per Month column chart provides the number of use of force incidents in a given month of the period.
- The Force Incidents per Thousand Dispatched Events line chart provides the rate of force incidents per 1,000 dispatched events in a given month of the period.
- The Force Incidents by Dispatched Event Initiation Type provides the percentage of force incidents that were originally initiated by a call for service or a self-initiated officer activity.
2022 Q3 Subject Demographics
This page provides subject demographic characteristics. The charts provide the number of force incidents involving subjects of a particular race, gender, ethnicity, and age category. The percentage of force incidents involving subjects exhibiting symptoms of mental illness at the time of a force incident is also provided.
2022 Q3 Injuries and Force Applications
- A force incident may involve one or more officers and/or one or more applications of force. Similarly, force subjects and officers may experience one or more injuries. Firearm discharges incidents are subject to different reporting practices given the external investigation process conducted by an Independent Investigative Team (IIT). For this reason, these incidents are recorded and provided separately from other force incidents.
- The Force Applications and Force Effectiveness Outcome by Force Categories bar chart provides the number of incidents involving a particular type of force use and the number of incidents where the force application was considered effective or ineffective.
- The number of unique subjects and unique officers injured are provided. The Officer Injuries column chart provides the total number of injuries experienced by officers. The Subject Injuries column chart provides the total number of injuries experienced by subjects. Both officers and subjects may have experienced no injuries, one injury, or multiple injuries. In these two charts, each injury is counted once per injury category enabling one officer/subject to be represented more than once across categories.
- The number of officers involved in shooting incidents is provided. Subject injuries from firearm discharges are provided in the Firearm Discharge Subject Injury column chart.
2022 Q3 Force Incident Characteristics
- The bar chart titled Reasons Provided for Force Application provides the number of incidents listing the reason that force was applied to a subject. Officers may provide one or more reasons per force incident.
- The Subject Behaviors Leading to Force Application bar chart provides the frequency of incidents where the subject was reported to be exhibiting a particular condition. One or more subject conditions may be reported in a given force incident.